Building State Capacity to Implement the Arms Trade Treaty

Under the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UN 2001 PoA), governments are called on to assess applications for export authorizations according to strict national regulations and procedures that cover all small arms and light weapons and are consistent with the existing responsibilities of States under relevant international law, taking into account in particular the risk of diversion of these weapons into the illegal trade. Likewise, to establish or maintain an effective national system of export and import licensing or authorization, as well as measures on international transit, for the transfer of all small arms and light weapons, with a view to combating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.


The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) – the first global, legally binding instrument – complements the PoA in that it regulates the transfer of conventional arms by establishing international standards governing arms transfers. Robust implementation of this Treaty will help reduce the negative consequences of the uncontrolled trade in conventional arms, in particular the lack of control that leads to the excessive proliferation of small arms and ammunition.


UNLIREC supports Latin American and Caribbean States in the implementation of this Treaty through:


  • Delivering specialized capacity-building to import and export control authorities.
  • Supporting the creation of national control lists.
  • Assisting in the development of licensing structures.
  • Disseminating tools on risk assessment check-lists, templates and practical exercises.


UNLIREC supports Caribbean States in fulfilling their Arms Trade Treaty reporting obligations

7 Jun 17

UNLIREC trains legal practitioners in the combat of illicit firearms trafficking in Peru

7 Jun 17

Panama enhances its capacity to implement the Arms Trade Treaty

19 Apr 16

Guatemala strengthens its ability to implement the Arms Trade Treaty

13 Oct 15

Dominican Republic committed to Arms Trade Treaty implementation

28 Feb 15

UNLIREC partners with Mexico to promote gender and youth approaches to implementing the UN 2001 PoA and the ATT

13 Nov 14

Final United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) to take place in March 2013

18 Mar 13

UN Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean Arms Trade Treaty Implementation Course launched this week in Costa Rica

10 Oct 14

UNLIREC and Mexico join forces to promote future implementation of new Arms Trade Treaty

27 Feb 14

UNLIREC and the Government of Guatemala Organise a Workshop to Identify Legislative Loopholes in the Implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty

19 Apr 18

UNLIREC and the Government of Guatemala organized a Workshop on the Elaboration of National Control List according to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) Obligations

17 Sep 18

UNLIREC and the Government of Paraguay held an executive workshop to increase awareness of the Arms Trade Treaty

28 Nov 18

UNLIREC and the Government of El Salvador launch the second activity of the new phase of collaboration in ATT implementation

23 Jan 18

UNLIREC and the Government of Guatemala advance towards the implementation of the Treaty on Arms Trade

5 Feb 18

UNLIREC and the Government of Guatemala hold two workshops to ensure effective ATT implementation

20 Aug 18

UNLIREC provides assistance to the Dominican Republic in the implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty

15 Feb 19

UNLIREC supports Colombia in its efforts towards ATT implementation

4 Jun 17

UNLIREC supports El Salvador in ATT implementation

20 Nov 17

UNLIREC works with Costa Rican authorities in creating national authority responsible for ATT implementation

23 May 16

UNLIREC and the Government of Paraguay held an Executive Workshop on best practices for the prevention and reduction of the risk of diversion of arms, ammunition, parts and components

28 Feb 19

With the support of:

ATT – Voluntary Trust Fund (UNLIREC serves as the main implementing partner to Member States receiving VTF funds)