Under the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UN 2001 PoA), governments are called on to assess applications for export authorizations according to strict national regulations and procedures that cover all small arms and light weapons and are consistent with the existing responsibilities of States under relevant international law, taking into account in particular the risk of diversion of these weapons into the illegal trade. Likewise, to establish or maintain an effective national system of export and import licensing or authorization, as well as measures on international transit, for the transfer of all small arms and light weapons, with a view to combating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.
The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) – the first global, legally binding instrument – complements the PoA in that it regulates the transfer of conventional arms by establishing international standards governing arms transfers. Robust implementation of this Treaty will help reduce the negative consequences of the uncontrolled trade in conventional arms, in particular the lack of control that leads to the excessive proliferation of small arms and ammunition.
UNLIREC supports Latin American and Caribbean States in the implementation of this Treaty through:
UNLIREC supports Caribbean States in fulfilling their Arms Trade Treaty reporting obligations7 Jun 17
UNLIREC trains legal practitioners in the combat of illicit firearms trafficking in Peru7 Jun 17
Panama enhances its capacity to implement the Arms Trade Treaty19 Apr 16
Guatemala strengthens its ability to implement the Arms Trade Treaty13 Oct 15
Dominican Republic committed to Arms Trade Treaty implementation28 Feb 15
UNLIREC partners with Mexico to promote gender and youth approaches to implementing the UN 2001 PoA and the ATT13 Nov 14
Legal Gaps Work-sessions
Discussion Process for the Elaboration of a National Control List Workshop
ATT Technical Workshop on Evaluation of Transfers and Reports
ATT Technical Workshop on Identification of Conventional Weapons