Building State Capacity to Implement the Arms Trade Treaty

Under the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UN 2001 PoA), governments are called on to assess applications for export authorizations according to strict national regulations and procedures that cover all small arms and light weapons and are consistent with the existing responsibilities of States under relevant international law, taking into account in particular the risk of diversion of these weapons into the illegal trade. Likewise, to establish or maintain an effective national system of export and import licensing or authorization, as well as measures on international transit, for the transfer of all small arms and light weapons, with a view to combating the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.


The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) – the first global, legally binding instrument – complements the PoA in that it regulates the transfer of conventional arms by establishing international standards governing arms transfers. Robust implementation of this Treaty will help reduce the negative consequences of the uncontrolled trade in conventional arms, in particular the lack of control that leads to the excessive proliferation of small arms and ammunition.


UNLIREC supports Latin American and Caribbean States in the implementation of this Treaty through:


  • delivering specialized capacity-building to import and export control authorities
  • supporting the creation of national control lists
  • assisting in the development of licensing structures
  • disseminating tools on risk assessment check-lists, templates and practical exercises

With the support of:

ATT – Voluntary Trust Fund (UNLIREC serves as the main implementing partner to Member States receiving VTF funds)

Calendario el Proyecto


Legal Gaps Work-sessions

Guatemala City, Guatemala


Discussion Process for the Elaboration of a National Control List Workshop

San Salvador, El Salvador


ATT Technical Workshop on Evaluation of Transfers and Reports

Guatemala City, Guatemala


ATT Technical Workshop on Identification of Conventional Weapons

San Salvador, El Salvador